An example of this could lead down to something as simple as the saying, two heads are better than one. Those on top get pushed down for short time periods, e. British Gas has an Academy to train and support new employees.
The management are suggested to assume that all employees exercise self-control and that they enjoy their mental and physical work duties.
It implies that employees are reluctant to organizational changes.
However this cannot always be believed. Their occupational health teams and well established systems are gathered to support a worker in maintaining a productive and healthy life with their company. Theory y 'participative management' style -decentralized structure Effort in work is as natural as work and play People will apply self-control and self-direction in the pursuit of organisational objectives, without external control or the threat of punishment Commitment to objectives is a function of rewards associated with their achievement People usually accept and often seek responsibility The capacity to use a high degree of imagination, ingenuity and creativity in solving organisational problems is widely, not narrowly, distributed in the population.
Someone must give direct orders to keep the enemy under pressure and move their men to safety, or face either death or capture. EDF offers an annual survey for its workers to better their work place. In other words, the creativity, resourcefulness and innovative potentiality of the employees can be utilized to solve organizational problems.
Maslow's theory remains a classic because rather than looking at psychology as strictly the study of the mentally ill, his theory was based upon mentally healthy people known as humanistic psychology. It has been noted that theory X is more applicable to unskilled and uneducated lower-level workers who work for the satisfaction of their basic needs of food, clothing and shelter.
The managers adopt a more dictatorial style. Many managers tend towards theory x, and generally get poor results. It aims to prevent discrimination against employees, third party workers such as contractors and agency staff, suppliers, customers and members of the public.
Theory Y leadership should increase communication flow, especially in the upward direction and approaches to the management included decentralization of decision-making authority, delegation, job enlargement, and participative management.
How Long Should an Essay Be. Workers have to be persuaded and pushed into performance.
FW Taylor believed in efficiency and complete control of a task provided to the manager. The managers must identify the need level at which the employee is existing and then those needs can be utilized as push for motivation.
It fails to explain why some individuals prefer to ignore lesser needs in search of higher ones, such as when individuals choose to forgo paying rent in order to take a vacation. Knowing where a person is located on the pyramid will aid you in determining effective motivators.
Running this scheme means our employees can plan for their retirement with confidence. The advantage of this theory is that it motivates individuals to move from fundamental needs toward higher needs, providing a clear map for personal growth.
For example, a person who lacks food or water will normally not attend to justice or beauty needs. According to McGregor, this is a traditional theory of what workers are like and what management must do ot motivate them.
Because of this, workers need to be closely supervised and comprehensive systems of control put in place. The most basic needs are physiological, hence the need for food, air to breathe, go to toilet and to have sex are the most basic of these needs.
McGregor has ignored this aspect of human behaviour. An average employee can learn to admit and recognize the responsibility. This expansion of the higher order needs is shown here: It suggests that threats of punishment and strict control are the ways to control the people.
Click here to view our solutions. May 03, · In his book “The Human Side of Enterprise” (), Douglas McGregor studied behavior patterns of individuals in the workplace, and formulated the X and Y theory.
Theory X: Theory X suggests that individual's have an instilled dislike for work and try to avoid it. McGregors Theory X and Y. In the ’s, Douglas Murray McGregor, a famous MIT professor of management wrote a book named “The Human Side of Enterprise” in which he analyzed the various behaviors of professionals at holidaysanantonio.com are two theories, i.e.
(Theory X and Theory Y), introduced in the book and are known for management and human motivation. According to Carson (), some of those concepts had been interpreted before; however, McGregor’s theory combined those concepts emerging from separate theories.
We will write a custom essay sample on Critically evaluate McGregor’s Theroy X and Theory Y specifically for you. Theory X and Theory Y InDouglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as Theory X and the other is positive, so called as Theory Y.
The Antecedents and Outcomes of McGregor’s Theory Endorsement InDouglas McGregor proposed Theory X and Theory Y, which classified managers based on two types of fundamental beliefs about the nature of humans.
McGregors Theory X and Theory Y MOTIVATION- Free online tutorials for Principles of Management and Organisational Behaviour () courses with reference manuals and examples. These theories are termed as theories of motivation.
The most important theories are explained below. Douglas McGregor has classified the basic assumption.Douglas and mcgregors theories