Anorexia nervosas physical and psychological effects on patients

Mortality in eating disorders is predominately related to malnutrition, methods of weight control and suicide. This is an area in which there is limited research.

Anorexia Nervosa

A diagram is provided see Appendix 7 as a simple guide to medical practitioners and other members of the multidisciplinary team as a decision aid when evaluating this acute risk.

It is a life threatening mental illness, better called as self-starvation, pushes the patient to such a restricted diet, that calorie intake becomes very low.

While there is absolutely nothing wrong trying to eat better and exercise more, there can be a fine line walked that only in modern times have we seen develop. Consistent associations have been identified for polymorphisms associated with agouti-related peptidebrain derived neurotrophic factorcatechol-o-methyl transferaseSK3 and opioid receptor delta A further complication in interpreting these studies is that a number of the secondary features of anorexia nervosa that may respond to medication may also improve as the patient gains weight e.

The Risks of Bulimia Bulimia, which often goes hand in hand with anorexia, does its own unique health damage. This may reflect the fact that chronicity and mortality increase with increasing age Steinhausen, Other consequences have also been described e.

Anorexia Nervosa

A person with anorexia nervosa appears malnourished and shows muscle wasting. The same thing can and likely will happen to your body in some form or another if you stop eating. Electrolyte changes can also lead to abnormalities in the contraction of the heart muscle, particularly from low phosphorus levels.

Other complications of anorexia include: What are the Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa. There is no evidence specifically addressing the use of drugs in the child and adolescent age group.

10 Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa

This section will consider evidence for the effect of weight gain and medication in the management of this complication. It has been documented that some people with celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease who are not conscious about the importance of strictly following their diet, choose to consume their trigger foods to promote weight loss.

However, these alterations seem to be associated with acute malnutrition and largely reversible with weight restoration, at least in nonchronic cases in younger people.

The majority of studies documented cause of death as being as a result of starvation in anorexia nervosa. The capacity to taste and smell food declines. Opinion and practice varies between and within countries, centres and clinicians.

Modern Western culture emphasizes thinness. Some explanatory hypotheses for the rising prevalence of eating disorders in adolescence are "increase of adipose tissue in girls, hormonal changes of puberty, societal expectations of increased independence and autonomy that are particularly difficult for anorexic adolescents to meet; [and] increased influence of the peer group and its values.

Anorexia is classified as a disease, and much like the disease of addiction, it is a mental disorder that can have serious implications on the body.

Anorexia Nervosa: Causes, Symptoms, Signs & Treatment Help

The extremities are often cold. Then they resort to various methods of purging such as vomiting or laxative abuse to prevent themselves from gaining weight. It can even cause a ruptured esophagus or changes to the tissue lining that increase the risk for esophageal cancer called Barretts esophagus.

A discussion of the issues concerning dental complications can be found in the chapter on bulimia nervosa Section 7. Patients can progress periodically through treatment but frequently relapse into periods of malnutritionwith its life-threatening and destructive complications.

Because of the paucity of data and the nature of the issue under review, the GDG chose to use an informal consensus process see Chapter 3Section 3.

Health Effects of Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia nervosa is considered as one of the commonest disorders, asthma and diabetes. All the attention of these patients is only towards body thinning methods.

Reduced white matter integrity in the fornix has also been reported. The skin becomes dry and the skin color changes. While our world has certainly progressed, we to as humans have progressed, pushing our bodies ever further and developing new standards of beauty, health, and normality.

Virtually no part of the body escapes its effects. and those patients in the clinics who have infrequent or too many people believe that. Research studies have not found a difference in the medical and psychological impacts of anorexia and atypical anorexia.


The Effects of Being Bulimic: Physical and Psychological

Examples of talking (psychological) treatments used are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), Maudsley Anorexia Nervosa Treatment for Adults (MANTRA), specialist supportive clinical management (SSCM) and focal psychodynamic therapy. Families are involved in therapy as much as possible, especially for young people with anorexia.

Eating Disorders -- Anorexia, Bulimia, Binge Eating Disorder, Compulsive Overeating. Eating Disorders definitions, signs and symptoms, physical dangers, online support and much more.

Physical Dangers and Effects of an Eating Disorder. Starved or severely malnourished patients can undergo life-threatening fluid and electrolyte shifts.

Education plays an important part in the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa, as many adolescents with AN have misconceptions about what constitutes “healthy eating.” Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) can be instituted in order to try and break, as well as restructure the strict food rules and rituals, and erroneous beliefs that the patient may have.

The treatment plan for a patient with anorexia nervosa needs to consider the appropriate service setting, and the psychological and physical management, but unfortunately the research evidence base to guide decision making is very limited.

Anorexia nervosas physical and psychological effects on patients
Rated 4/5 based on 73 review
Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms, Dangers & Treatment Options